Terracotta Army – Terracotta warriors and horse sculptures in the mausoleum of Qin Shi Huangdi, the first emperor of China (259-210 BC). Qin Shi Huangdi, for whom this mausoleum was built, was a special figure in Chinese history. He was the first emperor of the Qin dynasty, who united China within ten years, and it is believed that the name China (China) in the west comes from Emperor Qin (Qin).
Qin Shi Huangdi began building his tomb at the beginning of his reign. About 700,000 workers from all provinces worked on the giant mound for as many as 36 years, creating an underground city for the emperor’s posthumous resting place. Historians believe that this tomb was built to give the emperor eternal power. The Terracotta Army is believed to consist of 8,000 sculptures of soldiers and horses housed in three pits.
The weight of the terracotta warriors is about 180 kg, height – 175-195 cm. The sculptures of the Qin Shi Huangdi Mausoleum were discovered quite by accident in the spring of 1974 when workers were digging a well on one of the farms between Mount Li and the Wei River, near Xi’an, the capital of Shaanxi Province. The Qin Shi Huangdi Mortuary Complex is the largest and most magnificent imperial tomb in the world, which was added to the World Heritage List by UNESCO in 1987.